About the DBCP
The DBCP is an international programme coordinating the use of autonomous data buoys to observe atmosphere and ocean conditions, for forecasting and research in ocean areas where few measurements are taken.
The DBCP was formed in 1985, as a joint body of the World
Meteorological Organization (WMO) and Intergovernmental Oceanographic
Commission (IOC) of UNESCO. It makes up the data buoy component of the
Joint WMO-IOC Technical Commission for Oceanography and Marine
The DBCP was the first Global Ocean Observing System (GOOS) component
to achieve its initial goal, when in 2005, it deployed its 1250th
drifter, meaning one buoy in every 500 km square. Along with Argo, the
Ship Observations Team (SOT) and OceanSITES, the DBCP is a part of the
JCOMM In-situ Observing Platform Support Centre (JCOMMOPS).
Increasing the quantity, quality and timeliness of atmospheric and
oceanographic data in ocean areas, where few other measurements are
taken, to improve global forecasts of weather and ocean condition.
The Terms of Reference are available here.
To provide international coordination and assist those providing and
using observations from data buoys, within the meteorological and
oceanographic communities. It reviews and analyses requirements for
such data and provides an international focus and liaison on:
- strategies to maintain a global network of over 1250 drifting buoys and over 400 moorings
- cooperative deployment programmes
- monitoring quantity and quality of real-time data
- data management and archiving
- advancements in buoy technology
- support information exchange and sharing of expertise
- documentation and standards
- regional activities and between national bodies
- interactions with other international programs
The DBCP is undertaking several pilot projects
Much of the work achieved by the DBCP is through Action Groups.Each
group maintains an observational buoy program that supplies data for
operational and research purposes.The DBCP has the following action
- The Global Drifter Program (GDP)
- OceanSITES (long-term, deepwater reference stations)
- Tropical Moored Buoy Implementation Panel (TAO, TRITON, PIRATA, RAMA)
- European EUCOS Surface Marine Programme (E-SURFMAR )
- International Arctic Buoy Programme (IABP)
- International South Atlantic Buoy Programme (ISABP)
- North Pacific Data Buoy Advisory Panel (NPDBAP)
- International Buoy Program for the Indian Ocean (IBPIO )
- International Programme for Antarctic Buoys (IPAB)
There is also an active deployment program for the Southern Ocean, known as the Southern Ocean Buoy Program, which aims to deploy at least 300 drifting buoys equipped with barometers each year, south of 40°S.
More details about Action Groups are available here
The DBCP also established a series of Task Teams to globally address specific areas of its goals:
The DBCP Executive Board oversees and plans for administrative and financial matters on behalf of the Panel.
Also see the key contacts on the DBCP website.