The Joint WMO-IOC Technical Commission for Oceanography and Marine Meteorology

2012-2017 SFSPA Projects (draft)

 

Project #1:    The GUIDE – Operational Ocean Forecasting System  
Project #2:    Observational Requirements
Project #3:    Performance Monitoring
Project #4:    Ocean Extremes Monitoring System
Project #6:    Coordination in Seasonal Climate Forecast System
Project #8:    Wave and Surge Climate Services
Project #9:    Implement recommendations from JCOMM Storm Surge Symposium
Project #10:    Develop and update guidance documents
Project #11:    Wave Forecast verification Project
Project #12:    Wave measurement evaluation and test
Project #13:    Capacity Development
Project #14:    Coastal Inundation Forecast Demonstration Project (CIFDP)
Project #15:    Blank
Project #16:    Blank    
Project #17:    Update the joint Manual on MSI and IMO Resolution A.705Project
Project #18:    Conduct Online Surveys every two years
Project #21:    Facilitate implementation of QMS among members of the provision of MSS
Project #22:    Develop guidelines for marine volcanic ash advisory
Project #23:    Identify measures to provide marine navigational warnings for severe solar magnetic storms
Project #24:    Development of Ocean Emergency Response Support Capability
Project #25:    Developing the MPERSS capabilities including object tracking
Project #26:    Support and enhance the polar components of GMDSS
Project #27:    ISupport and enhance ENC/Electronic chart Display Information System (ECDIS) for ice navigation
Project #28:    Maintain and update sea ice technical documentation

Project #1:    The GUIDE – Operational Ocean Forecasting System

Project Leader(s):    Alistair Sellar

Project Team:   Frank Bub, Gary Brassington, Guimei Liu

Project Description:

The development of a guide for operational ocean forecasting systems serves many purposes. Promotion of best practice amongst providers, document the products suites and points of contact for access as well as serve as a guide to new providers with an overview of the state of the art systems. The concept of a operational guide is common amongst WMO agencies and has been previously undertaken by the expert team for waves and storm surge. The guide will be coordinated by a lead editor and a team of chapter writers from the ET-OOFS team and member institutions and other forecast providers.


•    Expected Outcomes:

–    Live document (secure)
–    Guide, first draft


•    Key Activities:

–    Establish process (e.g., content writers, reviewers, submissions)
–    Contents – description of content (Adrian first draft)
–    Submissions from member centres


•    Timeline/milestones:

–    October 2010 – agree process and priorities for content  
–    November 2012 - December 2013: chapter writing
–    2014: expert review by ET-OOFS and consolidation into draft document
–    2015: international review - distribute access to a team of reviewers followed by an open review inviting the ocean community to comment
–    2016: publication 


•    ETs, Other Organizations and participants:

–    ET-OOFS, national agencies

Project #2:    Observational Requirements

Project Leader(s):   Guimei Liu

Project team:    Shiro Ishizaki, Sudheer Joseph, Gary Brassington

Points of contract:    Ali Mafimbo (JCOMM), Etienne Charpentier (WMO)

 

Project Description:

The area of ocean observational requirements is an important component of the WMO Observing Requirements database. User requirements are collated in a comprehensive, systematic and quantitative way to capture observational requirements and eventually meet the needs of ocean forecasting.

Using the Rolling Requirements Review (RRR) process defined by the manual on the Global Observing System, user requirements for observations are compared with the capabilities of present and planned observing systems. The output of this is reviewed by experts in the relevant application and used to prepare a Statement of Guidance (SOG), the main aim of which is to draw attention to the most important gaps between user requirements and observing system capabilities, in the context of the application. The SOG provides an assessment of the adequacy of observations to fulfill requirements and suggests areas of progress towards improved use of satellite and in situ observing systems.

The Expert Team on Operational Ocean Forecasting Systems (ETOOFS) is responsible to: manage and maintain the requirement documents, adhering to relevant Quality Management Systems, for members/member states providing ocean forecasting services; prepare submissions on the requirements (e.g., research, observational and data management) of OOFS Members/Member States to other international groups. The requirements are regularly reviewed by groups of experts and contribute to the JCOMM SPA statement of guidance and the WMO RRR (http://www.wmo.int/pages/prog/sat/RRR-and-SOG.html).


•    Expected Outcomes:

-    Update SoG document
-    Contribute OOFS requirements to CBS/RRR


•    Key Activities:

-    Establish survey document based on SoG and RRR
-    Collate submissions from member centres
-    Formulating more specific requirements for ocean observations on the basis of improved understanding of data utility
-    Responding to the decisions and requests of the WMO Members and
IOC Member States
-     Contributing to the implementation of the Global Framework for Climate Services (GFCS) for marine and coastal communities


•    Timeline/milestones:

-    SOG was Updated in March 2012 by the PoC and approved by ET-EGOS-7, May 2012


•    ETs, Other Organizations and participants:

-    ET-OOFS, national agencies, OPA/OCG

Project #3:    Performance Monitoring

Project Leader(s):    Frank Bub, Gary Brassington

Project Description:

Performance monitoring of the operational ocean forecast systems is a critical element for promotion of best practices and offering guidance on daily performance. The primary goal for this project is to establish a suite of metrics that are performed and published in near real-time. The metrics will take into account both information and practical constraints of resourcing. This project proposes to have each operational centre push a common set of data products to a central server (e.g., USGODAE) from which the metrics will be computed and published online (e.g., jcomm.info or JCOMMOPS). The ETOOFS proposes a close relationship with GODAE OceanView task teams to define and assess the operational data products and metrics.


•    Expected Outcomes:

-    Internet accessible operational performance metrics


•    Key Activities:

-    Definition of operational metrics
-    USGODAE proposed as host
-    Publish through jcomm.info


•    Timeline/milestones:

-    October 2010 – specification of metrics
-    Late 2011 – implementation of live metrics
-    Review/report on monitoring results (ETOOFS-5)

•    ETs, Other Organizations and participants:

-    ET-OOFS, national operational centers

Project #4:    Ocean Extremes Monitoring System

Project Leader(s):    Gary Brassington

Project Team:         Alistair Sellar
                            Frank Bub

Points of Contact:     ETWCH
                             Ed Harrison

Project Description:

Extreme weather has a clear meaning whereby conditions are above normal and in general pose a risk of harm to people and/or property and/or the environment. The occurrence of large sea states and coastal surge are well known examples of dangerous conditions in the marine environment. Less well identified are extremes in the general ocean state, temperature, salinity and currents and their potential impacts for the environment. This project will aim to establish the scope and methodology for identifying extremes in ocean conditions from OOFS to raise awareness of their occurrence and help facilitate identification of impacts.


•    Expected Outcomes:

      -    Establish the first set of metrics and thresholds to identify ocean extremes for OOFS

•    Key Activities:

      -    Define the scope of ocean extremes, e.g., physical/spatial/temporal/littoral/coastal/ocean/surface/upper ocean/abyssal
      -    Define objectives of ocean extremes
      -    Define the methodology
      -    Establish first set of metrics

 

•    Timeline, Major milestones:

      -    Definition of ocean extremes (Mar'13)
      -    Establish first metrics and review (2014)
      -    Consolidate and document in “the Guide”(2015)

Project #6:    Coordination in Seasonal Climate Forecast System

Project Leader(s):    Guimei Liu, Alistair Sellar, Gary Brassington, Frank Bub

Project Description:

The ocean model and ocean data assimilation components are critical for operational coupled seasonal climate forecast systems (CFS). Expertise in operational ocean modeling and ocean observations reside within the JCOMM community. Ocean model output (forecast guidance) from OOFS aims at lead times of several days, whereas the CFS extends ocean prediction lead times to weeks, month and seasons. Integrated/coordinated ocean model guidance from daily to seasonal time scales would have potential improved service benefits for a broad range of users. The CBS/ET-ELRF (note: it has a new name now) is responsible for operational CFS. This ETOOFS effort is to liaise with the CBS/ET-ELRF to coordinate technical and scientific ocean observing and user requirements for operational ocean models from OOFS and CFS. It will also provide integrates ocean observing requirements from both OOFS and CFS for the RRR updates.


•    Expected Outcomes:

-     Establish (e.g., common datasets, formats, variables, climatology) for ocean model guidance from OOFS and CFS
-     Update ocean forecasting service requirements from daily to seasonal time scales
-     Coordinated/integrated ocean observing requirements for both OOFS and CFS as input to the RRR process.

•    Key Activities:

–    Liaison with the CBS/ET-ELRF
-    Establish common (output) requirements for ocean model guidance from OOFS/CFS
-    Coordinate gathering ocean forecasting service requirements from “ocean weather” and climate users
-    Coordinate on ocean observing requirements for input to the RRR process
-    Articulating requirements for integrated applications of altimeter data from “ocean weather”, waves, and seasonal climate forecast applications.


•    Timeline/milestones:

-    ET-ELRF meeting: ETOOFS liaison to participate
-    ETOOFS-4: ET-ELRF rep. to participate

•    ETs, Other Organizations and participants:

-     ETOOFS, national forecasting centers, ET-ELRF(CBS), ECMWF, OPA

 

Project #8:    Wave and Surge Climate Services

Project Leader(s):    Kevin Horsburgh, Val Swail, Scoot Woodruff

Project Description:

JCOMM-IV requested the ETWCH, in collaboration with the ETMC, to continue its efforts to develop and maintain an Extreme Wave Dataset. This dataset will be populated with wave data where the significant wave height exceeded 14 metres, for use in model validation and validation of remotely-sensed waves, where such models and algorithms suffer from lack of sufficient data.  ETWCH will work with ETMC and the ICOADS Partnership to develop a revised plan to establish the in situ component of the data set, and investigate with GlobWave on possible extension to remotely sensed data, much of which is already available online. 

Following the recommendation from the First JCOMM Scientific and Technical Symposium on Storm Surges), the JCOMM-IV requested ETWCH in collaboration with ETMC and the Global Sea Level Observing System (GLOSS) in coordinating the development of storm surge climatology's as a measure of risk assessment for marine hazards and to assist Members/Member States in developing their own databases and hazard analysis, in view of its important potential contribution to the GFCS. This dataset would also represent a significant contribution from JCOMM to the work of the CLIVAR-CCl-JCOMM Expert Team on Climate Change Detection and Indices (ETCCDI).

JCOMM-IV agreed that the joint JCOMM-WCRP project Coordinated Ocean Wave Climate Projections (COWCLIP) would directly contribute to GFCS through the results of coordinated intercomparison on global wave projections between international research groups, and through better understanding uncertainty within the community ensemble of wave climate projections. ETWCH take a lead in coordinating this activity, with a view to including wave information in greater detail in the IPCC Fifth Assessment Report (AR5).


•    Expected Outcomes:

    Establishment of an extreme wave data set, in conjunction with ICOADS
    Establishment of a storm surge data set, in cooperation with GLOSS
    Contribution to the IPCC AR5 on future wave climate projection


•    Key Activities:

    Develop a revised plan for extreme wave dataset (with ETMC)
    Establish a pilot project (USUKCanada) for initial extreme wave data set
    Develop a questionnaire for Members/Member States to document their storm surge forecasting models, measured and hindcast storm surge data bases, to be included in the dynamic Storm Surge Guide
    Develop a plan for a storm surge climatology data set
–    Contribute analysis results and journal papers in support of the IPCC AR5 


•    Timeline/milestones:

    Plans developed and approved by ETMC (Dec’12); ETWCH (May’13)
    COWCLIP progress meeting/workshop (Apr’13)
    13th Waves Workshop and 4th Coastal Hazard Symposium (Oct’13)
    Develop questionnaire for storm surge models, data bases (May’13)
    Questionnaire results analyzed (Dec’13)


•    ETs, Other Organizations and participants:

    ETWCH, ETMC, NOAA/NODC, DMPA groups, GLOSS, ETCCDI

•    Implementation of JCOMM-4 decisions (noted by paragraph number of JCOMM-4)

  –    5.4.5 (COWCLIP)
  –    7.2.11, 8.2.7 (Extreme Waves Dataset)
  –    8.1.2, 8.2.5 (updating Guides)
  –    8.2.6 (S&T support for coastal hazards forecasting/warning)
  –    8.2.7 (SS climatology dataset)
  –    8.2.8 (liaison with related teams/activities)

 

Project #9:    Implement recommendations from JCOMM Storm Surge Symposium

Project Leader(s):    Kevin Horsburgh, Val Swail, Don Resio, Boram Lee

Project Description:

JCOMM-IV recognized the importance of global scientific fora for exchange of information on databases, methodologies and techniques, and sharing expertise, which was one of the key recommendations from the 1st JCOMM Scientific and Technical Symposium on Storm Surges. It recognized the value of such exercises to develop technical advice for Members/Member States in fulfilling their services’ duties in support of the requirements of users in the whole range of maritime activities and in disaster risk reduction. In this context, the Commission requested the Expert Team on Waves and Coastal Hazard Forecast Systems (ETWCH) to continue to co-sponsor and co-organize International Workshops on Wave Hindcasting and Forecasting and Coastal Hazard Symposia (see http://www.waveworkshop.org), and a follow-up event to the JCOMM Scientific and Technical Symposia on Storm Surge (http://www.surgesymposium.org).

ETWCH will also continue to collaborate with the European Space Agency (ESA) in support of improved storm surge forecasting through the ESA Storm Surge Project (http://www.storm-surge.info/) that aims to develop a comprehensive database of storm surge events, satellite data, NWP outputs and storm surge model outputs that can be used to explore and develop new tools, techniques and understanding of storm surge forecasting. In addition, ETWCH will continue to support the final stages of the UNESCO pilot project on coastal hazard forecasting in the North Indian Ocean (http://www.jcomm.info/SSindia)

JCOMM-IV requested ETWCH to consider partnerships with the IOC Working Group on Tsunamis and Other Hazards related to Sea-Level Warning and Mitigation Systems (TOWS-WG) and the International Tsunami Partnership (ITP) of DBCP and the Indian Ocean Tsunami Warning System (IOTWS) in dealing with the full spectrum of multi-hazard monitoring, warning and preparedness issues.

•    Expected Outcomes:

–    Support related S&T fora


•    Key Activities:

–    Plan the 2nd JCOMM Storm Surge Symposium
    Support ESA Storm Surge Project(s) and UNESCO NIO storm surge project
–    Organize 13th Wave Workshop and 4th Coastal Hazards Symposium
-    Liaison with tsunami warning system activities


•    Timeline/milestones:

     NIO Final Project Workshop (India, Feb’13)
     ESA Storm Surge project meetings (Sep’12, Apr’13[BL1] )
     Plan for 2nd SS Symposium (to be held after 2013)
-    13th Waves Workshop and 4th Coastal Hazards Symposium (Oct’13)


•    ETs, Other Organizations and participants:

    ETWCH, ESA, IOC, Environment Canada, USACE, TOWS-WG, ITP

•    Implementation of JOMM-4 decisions (noted by paragraph number of JCOMM-4 report)

    Overall actions derived from item 8.2 (coastal hazards)
    8.2.6 (S&T support for coastal hazards forecasting/warning, and coordination with Tsunami Group)

 

Project #10:    Develop and update guidance documents

Project Leader(s):    Kevin Horsburgh, Val Swail, Thomas Bruns, Andrew Saulter

Project Description:

JCOMM-IV recognized the value of the Guide to Wave Analysis and Forecasting (WMO-No. 702) and other relevant technical guidance publications in ensuring the provision of high quality, accurate, consistent and timely operational forecast products. At the same time, recognizing the developments and advances relating to wave and storm surge forecasting, the Commission recommended these publications should be maintained as up-to-date as possible, and therefore requested ETWCH to keep the contents of these publications under review, as well as cross-referenced with other Manuals and Guides, including the Manual of Quality Control Procedures for Validation of Oceanographic Data (UNESCO/IOC M&G No. 26), and advise on the need for future updating as appropriate. Based on the review conducted in the past intersessional period, the Guide to Wave Analysis and Forecasting will be revised during next year with a view to publication before JCOMM-V.

The Commission also requested ETWCH to continue to develop technical guidance materials on wave and storm surge forecasting for inclusion in the dynamic parts of the Guides. Such new material typically includes items such as: specific technical reports produced by the Team, proceedings of meetings such as the Waves Workshop, questionnaire results on Wave Models and Data Bases, descriptions and links to related material such as the online wave atlases.

There is a significant room for improving the provision of sea state, which should be considered as the most important parameter, in Maritime Safety Information (MSI). At the moment, the majority of Issuing Services preparing GMDSS MSI provide information on the significant wave height only, generally using the Douglas scale. This is very limited in comparison with data available from the NWP and certainly the constraints and needs of ships at sea.  Many accidents occurred in coastal or open seas due to sea state, where significant wave heights were far below the thresholds fixed for the vessels, but in situations where the sea state was complex (e.g. crossing seas) or unusual (e.g. steep sea, risk of abnormal or freak waves). Key parameters should be proposed to provide more useful information for the safety of ships, especially in complex and dangerous seas. Type of parameters, and the related thresholds if any, should be defined in association with the ship masters, owners and manufacturers. The provision of improved sea state products should then be promoted among the Issuing Services and the WMO recommendations and guidelines updated accordingly.

•    Expected Outcomes:

–    Revised Guide to Wave Analysis and Forecasting (WMO-No. 702)
    Dynamic parts of wave and storm surge guides online
    Contributions to and review as appropriate other related Manuals and Guides
-    Promote the provision of improved sea state products among the issuing services

•    Key Activities:

    Update wave guide by ET input + consultant work
    Update dynamic part of guides as necessary (ET input)
    Contribution on wave forecasting to GDPFS
    Update of wave and surge requirements in the WMO Rolling Review of Requirements and Statement of Guidance.
    Provide advice on related guides and manuals of WMO and IOC as requested
    White paper on recommendations for including hazardous seas information in GMDSS
    Develop wave model and data base questionnaire to be completed by Members/Member States

•    Timeline/milestones:

–    Update dynamic Storm Surge Guide: SSS papers online (Dec’12); storm surge survey results online (Dec’13)
–    Update Dynamic Wave Guide: review plan for dynamic wave Guide content (May’13); Technical Reports on extremal analysis available online (Oct’13); Wave Workshop Proceedings available online (Oct’13), wave questionnaire results (Dec’13)
–    Develop wave model and data base questionnaire (May’13)
–    Analyze wave model questionnaire results (Dec’13)
    Outline/contents of revised Wave Guide agreed, with writing assignments (May’13)
    Contribute wave sections to GDPFS (by end 2012)
    Update RRR and SoG (Jun’13)
    Complete White Paper on Hazardous Sea State Forecasting for review by ETMSS and submission to IMO (May’13)
-    Contribution to QMS report on marine forecasting competencies (Sep’13)

•    ETs, Other Organizations and participants:

–    ETWCH, ETMSS


•    
Implementation of JCOMM-4 decisions (noted by paragraph number of JCOMM-4 report)

    5.2.4 (RRR & SoG update)
    8.2.2 (Develop proposals to include information on complex sea states)
–    Overall actions derived under item 10 (updating technical documents)

 

Project #11:    Wave Forecast verification Project

Project Leader(s):    Jean Bidlot, Hendrik Tolman

Project Description:

One of the most important activities of the ETWCH continues to be the Operational Wave Forecast Verification Project. A routine inter-comparison of wave model forecast verification data was first established in 1995 to provide a mechanism for benchmarking and assuring the quality of wave forecast model products that contribute to applications, such as safety of life at sea, ship routing, and, in general, the Global Maritime Distress and Safety System GMDSS. The project has expanded to include 17 centers, many running global wave forecast systems, with different wave models, different wind forcing, and different model configurations, and the goal is to continue to add new participants, including regional participants, and to expand the scope of the inter-comparison as feasible. Some participants are providing observations that are not commonly available on the GTS. This information is also being used to identify wave modeling shortcomings and it should continue to lead to improvement of future wave models, as it has been well documented to do in the past. It is recognized that centers engaged in wave forecasting benefit from this activity in the same way as weather centers benefit from the exchange of forecast verification scores. The project also plans to expand the verification to include 1-D and 2-D spectral quantities, satellite quantities, and to investigate the continued development of spatial inter-comparison techniques for wave forecasts in cooperation with the European Space Agency’s GlobWave Project.


•    Expected Outcomes:

-     Contribution to improved operational wave forecasts
-     
Expansion of the Wave Forecast Verification Exchange Project in coordination with the ESA GlobWave project


•    Key Activities:

-     Review & update wave measurement requirements as necessary
-     Expand number of global and regional participants
-     Expand verification scope to spatial, spectral, satellite


•    Timeline/milestones:

     ETWCH (May’13)
     GlobWave meeting (Nov’12)
-     Plan for expansion to spectral and satellite inter-comparison (May’13)


•    ETs, Other Organizations and participants:

-    ETWCH, ECMWF, ESA, NOPP(US) 


•    Implementation of JCOMM-4 decisions
 (noted by paragraph number of JCOMM-4 report)

    8.1.3 (liaison with ECMWF & GlobWave for wave verification)

Project #12:     Wave measurement evaluation and test

Project Leader(s):    Val Swail, Bob Jensen

Project Description:

A workshop co-sponsored by JCOMM/ETWCH and the International Association of Oil and Gas Producers (OGP) (New York, October 2-3 2008) on in situ wave measurement technology (see http://www.jcomm.info/WaveBuoys). noted that: (1) geographical coverage of in situ data is still very limited especially as far as any measure of wave directionality is concerned, and most measurements are taken near coasts in the Northern Hemisphere; (2) present in situ reports are not standardized resulting in impaired utility; (3) significant differences exist in measured waves from different platforms, sensors, processing and moorings. Three main topics were discussed: (1) how to add wave observing capabilities to drifting buoys; (2) how to assess and improve the quality of observations from the present networks of moored buoys; 3) the addition of wave observation capabilities to future moored buoy networks. Following the workshop recommendations, ETWCH-DBCP established joint pilot efforts to coordinate an evaluation of various wave measurement systems in order to contribute to a description of best practices for wave measurement, and to investigate the feasibility of making spectral wave measurements from inexpensive drifting buoys. Details of this joint wave measurement evaluation effort can be found on the project web site, www.jcomm.info/WET. The WET project is well underway, with initial comparison results available on the web, with more to follow as data is retrieved from the various co-deployments around the world oceans.  


•    Expected Outcomes:

–    Guidance on best practices for wave measurement to WIGOS/WIS


•    Key Activities:

–    Lead DBCP Pilot Project on wave measurement evaluation and test (PP-WET)
–    Review & update wave measurement requirements as necessary
–    Participate in, and provide guidance to inter-comparison exercise & analysis


•    Timeline/milestones:

    Continue analysis and online dissemination of inter-comparison results (ongoing)
    Presentation, side meeting and Report to DBCP-28 (Oct’12)
    Presentation, side meeting and Report to DBCP-29 (Sep’13)
    Establish Terms of reference for ongoing coordination group (Sep’13)


•    ETs, Other Organizations and participants:

–    ETWCH, DBCP , Scripps, OGP, Environment Canada, USACE


•    Implementation of JCOMM-4 decisions
 (noted by paragraph number of JCOMM-4 report)

    5.2.3 (PP-WET)

 

Project #13:     Capacity Development (also CB for Ocean Forecasting and Sea Ice)

Project Leader(s):    Kevin Horsburgh, Boram Lee, Vasily Smolyanitsky, Gary Brassington

Project Description:

Capacity Development remains a core activity at the heart of most JCOMM activities. All individual projects have some capacity development aspects, whether these be high level scientific and technical workshops, hands on training activities, or Guides, Manuals and other guidance and training materials, including online course material.

Specific project related training and capacity development are described under the individual projects. Other ongoing training opportunities include the joint workshops supported by JCOMM and the Tropical Cyclone Programme (TCP), to provide hands on training on operational wind wave and storm surge forecasting. ), and to contribute to the ongoing development of the Storm Surge Watch Scheme (SSWS), including through continued support for the TCP series of training workshops on wave and storm surge forecasting.


•    Expected Outcomes:

    Support Capacity Development workshops
    Publish the Guide for Ocean Forecast Systems


•    Key Activities:

-    support for “Ice Analysts Workshop” on regular scale (1-2 interval)
-    support for sea-ice training documentation and courses including COMET modules and  manual for ice experts – ice observers.


•    Timeline/milestones:

-    8th JCOMM-TCP Training Workshop on Storm Surge and Wave Forecasting, for East Africa (Nairobi, Nov'12)
-    9th and 10th JCOMM-TCP Training Workshops on Storm Surge and Wave Forecasting (venue and time TBD)


•    ETs, Other Organizations and participants:

-    ETWCH, TCP, ETSI, COMET


•    Implementation of JCOMM-4 decisions
 (noted by paragraph number of JCOMM-4 report)

    8.1.11 (training)
    8.2.3 (continuing JCOMM-TCP workshop series)
    9.5 (workshop in Africa)
–    9.9 (harmonized training responding to Members’/Member States’ needs)

 

Project #14:    Coastal Inundation Forecast Demonstration Project (CIFDP)

Project Leader(s):    Val Swail, Don Resio, Boram Lee

Project Description:

Coastal disasters are a major concern for the lives and livelihoods of people, and socio-economic development, in low-lying, highly-populated coastal areas. The management of risk for coastal disasters represents a great challenge to scientists and policy makers in Meteorology, Hydrology, Oceanography, Emergency Management and Coastal Planning. With a view to improving safety-related services for the community, as a fundamental priority of the WMO, the Joint WMO-IOC Technical Commission for Oceanography and Marine Meteorology (JCOMM) and the WMO Commission for Hydrology (CHy) have initiated this Project in order to meet the challenges of coastal communities’ safety and socio-economic sustainability through the development of coastal inundation forecasting and warning systems at the regional scale.

JCOMM-IV adopted a general strategy for a CIFDP project as follows:

The Project would be implemented under each regional/national sub-project, launched for a country that meets the essential requirement for initiating a national agreement between national institutions with relevant responsibilities, and the provisional establishment of a National Coordination Team (NCT) that includes operator(s) of the National Meteorological and Hydrological Service (NMHS). The Project would be designed based on users’ perspectives and requirements, considering only existing and available open source techniques. Final products of the Demonstration Project should be operated and maintained by a national operational agency which has the responsibility/authority for storm surge warning and flood warning. The developed procedure/best practice through a sub-project should be applicable to other (neighbouring) countries with common issues and interests, and should be closely linked to and cooperating with related projects and activities, such as the regional Severe Weather Forecasting Demonstration Project  in building a “cascading forecasting process” to produce services for coastal zones.


•    Expected Outcomes:

-    Provide an example of cooperative work as a strategy for building improved operational forecast and warning capability for coastal inundation, combining extreme waves, surges and river flooding events that can be sustained by the responsible national agencies


•    Key Activities:

–    Develop national sub-projects for countries which establish a national agreement
–    Continuously revise and update the CIFDP Implementation Plan (IP) and progress in national sub-projects
–    Continuously review and update technical recommendations, and identified national/regional requirements


•    Timeline/milestones:

–    Project Steering Group meeting #4 (Apr’13) review progress, revise IP
–    Review CIFDP-B phase 1 (Dec'12), review CIFDP-DR phase 1 (Dec'12), initiate CIFDP-F (for Fiji) phase 0 (Dec'12).
–    Consider possible new sub-projects - Indonesia (May’13),South Africa (May’13)


•    ETs, Other Organizations and participants:

–    ETWCH, ESA, CHy 


•    Implementation of JCOMM-4 decisions
 (noted by paragraph number of JCOMM-4 report)

–    Overall actions derived under 8.2 (CIFDP implementation)
    8.2.8 (liaison with related teams/activities)
–    8.2.9 (Exploring synergies with GODAE)

 

Project #15:    Blank

Project Leaders:    

Project Description:

•    Expected Outcomes:


•    Key Activities:


•    Timeline, Major milestones:


•    ETs, Other Contributing Organizations:

 

Project #16:    Blank

Project Leader(s):    

Project Description:

•    Expected Outcomes:


•    Key Activities:


•    Timeline/milestones:


•    ETs, Other Organizations and participants:

 

Project #17:    Update the joint Manual on MSI and IMO Resolution A.705

Project Leader(s):    Henri Savina, Nick   

Project Description:

The World-Wide Metocean information and Warning Service (WWMIWS) and METAREA Co-ordinators have been officially adopted by WMO and IMO. Appropriate actions, in strong cooperation with IHO, will be planned to updated accordingly the Joint IMO/IHO/WMO documentation, especially the Joint Manual on MSI and the IMO Resolution A.705 on the Promulgation of Maritime Safety Information to integrate the appropriate references to the WWMIWS and to the METAREA Co-ordinators


•    Expected Outcomes:

–    Updated documentation

•    Key Activities

–    Update documentation, in cooperation with IHO


•    Timeline, Major milestones:

–    IHO/WWNWS-4 – Sept. 2012
    ETMSS-4 – Feb. 2013
–    IHO/WWNWS-5 – autumn 2013 


•    ETs, Other Contributing Organizations

–    ETMSS, SFSPA vice-chair, IHO

 

Project #18:    Conduct Online Survey every 2 years

Project Leader(s):    Henri Savina   

Project Description:

A critical activity for forecast providers is engagement with the user community to improve awareness of the product suite, encourage update, validate requirements and monitor impacts. This is also an essential component of QMS. The measurement (or estimation) of the usefulness and impacts of the provision of MSI or other services is a complex and multi-faceted process, involving surveys and user feedback, through regular written questionnaires (as was now the case), on-line surveys through the website, and direct feedback from ships masters, owners and agents. The on-line questionnaire developed by the WMO Secretariat will be used to conduct surveys more frequently, typically every two years. Surveys will be conducted in 2013/2014 & 2015/2016, and analysis prepared for consideration by JCOMM-V. Part of this feedback already include basic information on who is actually using the MSI provided through the GMDSS; and if the information is not being regularly used, why not, what alternatives are used, and why. Such feedback represents essential information for both WMO and IMO in improving the value of their services to users. In the meantime, the questionnaire should be amended as appropriate (or additional questionnaire be developed) in particular to monitor the provision of services for SAR and MAES applications by ETMSS and ETOOFS. In addition, both ETs should continue to work with IHO and the WWNWS to consider the possibility to develop a common survey methodology, to provide the feedback necessary for performance assessment of the system.


•    Expected Outcomes:

–    User survey and analysis on new and existing services
-    Documented user requirements


•    Key Activities:

–    Conduct surveys on user requirements every 2 years
–    Analyze survey data
–    Update the survey as appropriate (marine weather and ocean forecasting service needs, cooperation with IHO)


•    Timeline/milestones:

–    Draft survey questions – Oct. 2010
–    Finalized survey questions – Jan. 2011
–    Begin analysis of response – Jan. 2012


•    ETs, Other Organizations and participants:

–    ETMSS, ETOOFS, IHO

Project #21:    Facilitate implementation of QMS among members of the provision of MSS

Project Leader(s):    Bryan Boase, Henri Savina   

Project Description:

Quality Management Systems (QMS) for aviation has being undertaken within a global regulatory environment. If such regulations do not presently exist for marine services, IMO is moving in this general direction.  In order to ensure the use of best practises and the improvement of value for mariners, JCOMM promotes the implementation of Quality Management Systems (QMS) within the NMS preparing MSI.  JCOMM should take the lead within WMO in the provision of support to developing countries in implementing QMS as they further developed their marine services.  A process for moving forward will be prepared and guidelines for implementation of QMS by Issuing Services will also be drafted by Bryan Boase, member of MAN with specific responsibility for QMS. Those documents will be review by ETMSS and MAN.

As a first step, a QM training, focussed on Internal Audit procedures, was provided to Issuing Services by a QM specialist supporting the Australian Bureau of Meteorology during the Workshop for Enhancement of Maritime Safety Services in May 2010.  That allowed awareness and demystification of QMS practices for participants, and acquisition of an insight into the practical implementation of a QMS within an NMHS. Participants were formally provided with an “introduction to internal QM auditing processes" certificate at the end of this item, which indicated they had had an introduction to internal QM auditing processes.


•    Expected Outcomes:

–    COMET training module for QMS
–    Pilot QMS projects at developing NMHSs


•    Key Activities:

–    Develop COMET training module for QMS
–    Initiate pilot projects at developing NMHS to implement QMS practice


•    Timeline, Major milestones:

–    COMET training module  (dates?)


•    ETs, Other Contributing Organizations:

    ETMSS, ETSI, MAN, COMET

 

Project #22:    Develop guidelines for marine volcanic ash advisory

Project Leader(s):    Henry Savina

Project Description:

Volcanic ash floating on the sea surface has the potential to disable a ship’s engine through its water intake. It is then important to alert mariners as appropriate if such phenomena is observed or expected. Appropriate guidelines and formats will be prepared to be included in the Manual on Marine Meteorological Services (WMO-No. 558) and/or the Guide on Marine Meteorological Services (WMO-No. 471)
The possibility of cooperation and interaction with VAAC will be investigated.


•    Expected Outcomes:

–    Update WMO documentation
–    Implementation by Members/Members State, especially for the GMDSS


•    Key Activities:

–    Preparation for guidance material and update WMO documentation


•    Timeline/milestones:

–    Preparation of draft guidelines and format for marine volcanic ash warning/forecast (ETMSS-4  -  Feb. 2013)
–    Circulation among Issuing Services (2013)
–    Submission of the update of WMO N558 and/or WMO n°471 for formal adoption (2014)


•    ETs, Other Organizations and participants:

–    ETMSS

 

Project #23:    Identify measures to provide marine navigational warnings for severe solar magnetic storms

Project Leader(s):    Henri Savina

Project Description:

Severe solar magnetic storms can disrupt positioning systems, satellite communications and HF radio communications, and therefore might cause severe disturbance in receiving Maritime Safety Information (MSI). The risk of disturbance will be higher during the approaching peak solar activity period (2012-2013).

It is then important to be able to provide to mariners, as appropriate, information on such radio communications disturbance. As such information will have to be issued as Navigational Warning, appropriate links and exchange mechanisms should be implemented between the Meteorological Centre(s) able to provide forecasts/advisories of solar magnetic storms and the NAVAREA Co-ordinators in charge of preparing and issuing the associated Navigational Warnings. In particular, strong interaction with IHO is needed, to confirm the need to put in place appropriate measures and ensure that the operational dissemination procedure and format of the forecasts/advisories are consistent with the needs of the NAVAREA Co-ordinators to issue the related navigation Warnings to mariners.

•    Expected Outcomes:

–    Update WMO documentation
–    Implementation of service for IHO


•    Key Activities:

–    Preparation for guidance document
–    Implementation of the organization between the appropriate Met. Centre(s) and the NAVAREA Co-ordinators


•    Timeline/milestones:

–    Preparation of draft guidelines and format for severe solar magnetic storms advisories and identification of the Met. Centre(s) potentially concerned (ETMSS-4  -  Feb. 2013)
–    Submission of the WMO proposal to IHO (WWNWS-5 – autumn 2013)
–    If agreed by IHO, preparation of the update of the Joint IMO/IHO/WMO documentation and of the WMO N558 (2014)


•    ETs, Other Organizations and participants:

–    ETMSS, IHO/WWNWS

 

Project #24:    Development of Ocean Emergency Response Support Capability

Project Leader(s):    Pierre Daniel

Project Team:         Guimei Liu   

Points of Contact :    Nick Ashton (ET-MSS)
                             Hendrick Tolman (NOAA)

Project Description:

To extend the role of MPERSS to include tracking oceanic releases of radioactive hazard materials. This project may be combined with Project #25


•    Expected Outcomes:

–    An oceanic radioactive hazmat tracking capability for global ocean basins to support environmental emergency response efforts
-    Enhanced marine pollution emergency response, with a focus on radioactive material discharge


•    Key Activities:

–    To assess capabilities of oceanic dispersion modeling and prediction within MPI areas.
-    To establish partnerships with GODAE Ocean View Science Team, IAEA, and IMO/IHO to address the marine emergency response needs for oceanic discharge of radioactive hazards;
-    To update maes-mperss.org website. In particular update the contact points and areas for the Arctic regions, update the list of suppliers of ocean data and drift models operators.


•    Timeline/milestones:

–    a meeting organized in Geneva with Nick Ashton, Henri Savina, Peter Chen and Geoff Love to assess what has already been done within WMO.
-    to set up a Task Team to move this forward.


•    ETs, Other Organizations and participants:

–    ET-OOFS and ET-MSS
-    MPERSS  Task Team
-    AMOCs and supporting services
-    National agencies and forecast providers
-    GODAE Ocean View Science Team

Project #25:    Developing the MPERSS capabilities including object tracking

Project Leader(s):    Nick Ashton, Vasily Smolyanitsky, Henri Savina

Project Description:

The primary objective of Marine Pollution Emergency Response Support Systems (MPERSS) is to have in place a coordinated, global system for the provision of meteorological and oceanographic information for marine pollution emergency response operations outside waters under national jurisdiction. The areas covered have the same geographical distribution as those for the GMDSS, and Area Meteorological Coordinators have been identified for all of them.

This project will extend the role of MPERSS to include tracking of radioactive hazard releases


•    Expected Outcomes

–    A oceanic radioactive hazmat tracking system for global ocean basins to support environmental emergency response efforts
-    Enhanced MPERSS capability for the Arctic Ocean
-    Recognition of MPERSS services outside the WMO (e.g., IMO)
-    Updated user requirements for MPERSS


•    Key Activities

–    Coordination with IAEA, IMO, RSMCs on an oceanic radioactive hazmat tracking framework
-    Establish an oceanic radioactive hazmat emergency response support system based on RSMCs
-    Coordinate with Issuing and Ice services to implement the MPERSS for the Arctic Ocean


•    Timelines/milestones

–    IAEA, IMO consultation – 2012
-    Secretariat to draft the oceanic radioactive hazmat EER support implementation plan  – by end of 2012
-    Implementation plan finalized and approved by MAN, SCG – Feb/Mar. 2013
-    A Task Team formed – ETMSS-4 (March 2013)
-    Oceanic radioactive hazmat EER support system plan based on RSMCs – end of 2013
-    Approval/implementation – (???)


•    ETs, Other Organizations and participants:

–    ETMSS, ETSI, ETOOFS, IAEA, IMO, WMO

Project #26:        Support and enhance the polar components of GMDSS

Project Leader(s):    Vasily Smolyanitsky

Project Description:

Continue (with IICWG, ETMSS and IMO and IHO) to support and enhance the polar components of GMDSS and MPERSS including ice navigation services and information on complex sea states, and under the agreed scheme for IMO e-Navigation. 


•   
Expected Outcomes:

-    Provide to IMO on weather and ice safety related input for Polar Code


•   Key Activities:

-     Support to developing international code of safety for ships operating in polar waters (Polar Code) by providing input on weather and ice safety related to Polar Code development to IMO.
-     Support for the polar GMDSS and transition of experience to Southern hemisphere METAREAs

 

Project #27:    ISupport and enhance ENC/Electronic chart Display Information System (ECDIS) for ice navigation

Project Leader(s):    Vasily Smolyanitsky

Project Description:

Following extending requirements from the end-users for complex ice navigation services and taking into account the current and perspective work of IMO and IHO in developing the concept of e-Navigation, support and enhance ENC/Electronic Chart Display Information System (ECDIS) capabilities for ice information. 


•    Expected Outcomes:

-    IHO S-1xx standard for sea ice object catalogue
-    Capability at National Ice Services for S-1xx data files


•    Key Activities:

(1) Formal management of Ice Objects Catalogue

-    Harmonize and regular update IHO registry (do we need to keep ICEARE ?)

-    Extension of parameters list (e.g. edge → climatic median edge)

-    Geometry and attributes testing (mostly linear and point)

-    Codify portrayal, naming conventions, file structure  rules

-    Define distribution and encryption means

(2) Develop standard at IHO as S-10x

-    Follow procedures in IHO S-99 and S-100

-    Develop catalogue and presentation library as a single standard

-    Support for annotated satellite imagery

(3) Interact with ENCS manufacturers and OGC develop software to accept ice data

-    Produce test data sets and conduct trials

-    Support for sea ice in S-57/S-100 format in GIS, OpenGIS and ECDIS

(4) Support Nat’l ice services to develop capability/begin production of S-57/S-1xx data files

-    Ensure interoperability of products and their presentation

-    Make products available to service providers or directly to end users

-   Service providers (e.g. PolarView, Ice Logistics Portal) could collect the data from national providers and deliver to ECDIS as regular subscription

(5) Support implementation of MetOcean Catalogue and standardizing the WMO formats for gridded data (GRIB etc) for S-1xx


•    Key milestones:

(1) Preparation of a draft S-107 (or other number 10x)

         -    Delineation of explicit sea ice part within the S-100 framework. A first draft may be ready for discussion by correspondence by June 2012.

              -    After incorporating changes the draft will be presented at the IICWG meeting in Tromsö in October

          (2) Preparation of a portrayal registry for the most commonly used parameters of the ice objects catalog

              -    As the specific technical/formal implementation of the S-100 portrayal registry is still being discussed at IHO, only preliminary steps are possible in the next months

           -    The actual WMO nomenclature Volume 3 will be described using XML, as the chances of an, at least in parts, XML based registry is high. Then some ideas for a portrayal scheme that can be used in an ECDIS system overlaying an ENC will be prepared and circulated before the next IICWG meeting, so they can be discussed at these meeting.

          (3) Formalization of ideas and proposals reached at the IICWG

               -    should be discussed by ETSI-5th session preferable after October 2012 and before April 2013

Formal presentation of the draft for S-107 and the portrayal registry at an IHO meeting for official IHO approval (over WMO or an official IHO member institution like BSH) after the ETSI-5th session

Project #28:    Maintain and update sea ice technical documentation

Project Leader(s):    Vasily Smolyanitsky   

Project Description:

Following requirements from the end-users and in connection with the International Polar Initiative (IPI) and in the framework of the Global Cryosphere Watch (GCW) ETSI will maintain, update and extend as appropriate WMO sea ice standards in interaction and cooperation with the .International Ice Charting Working Group. 


•    Expected Outcomes:

-    Up-to-date WMO documents on sea ice


•    Key Activities:

-    “Sea Ice Nomenclature” (WMO-No.259); as the main WMO sea-ice standard;
-    “SIGRID-3: a vector archive format for sea ice charts” (WMO/TD-No. 1214);
-    “Ice Chart color code standard” (WMO/TD-No. 1215);
-    “Sea-Ice Information Services in the World” (WMO-No.574) as extension for Polar Regions of WMO-No. 9, Volume D;
-    “Ice Objects Catalogue” as a joint WMO/IHO standard for ice in the Electronic Chart Display Information System (ECDIS):
-    “Format for Sea Ice Data Assimilation”, “Understanding and Identifying Old Ice in Summer” and “Manual for Ice Experts – Ice Observers” as the new WMO sea ice publications.


•    Timeline, Major milestones:

-    Finalize and adopt additions to WMO-No.259 arising from the “Ice Objects Catalogue” version 5.1”
-    Develop annual update to WMO-No.574
-    Finalize additions to WMO/TD-No. 1214 & 1215 on point and linear objects, and projections
-    Provide harmonization across the sea ice standards arising from adopted additions
-    Provide additions to standards following user and projects requirements
-    WIS and SIGRID-3

 

 

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